There are many different methodologies (working methods)
To work through a project we should
- read the brief
- do research
- idea generation – where the new techniques from the workshop come in
- select, develop and experiment – using the new techniques again
- visualisation – getting ideas into a visual format – ask for feedback have discussions and so on at least 3/4
- reflect and refine – fine tune the ideas 1/2 – this is where your attention to detail matters – everything should be considered and as near to perfect.
- SCAMPER – Stands for
– Substitute – Remove some part of the accepted situation, thing, or concept and replace it with something else.
– Combine – Join, affiliate, or force together two or more elements of your subject matter and consider ways that such a combination might move you toward a solution.
– Adapt – Change some part of your problem so that it works where it did not before.
– Modify – Consider many of the attributes of the thing you’re working on and change them. These could include: size, shape, other dimensions, texture, colour, attitude, position, history, and so on.
– Purpose (put to another use) – Modify the intention of the subject. Think about why it exists, what it is used for, what it’s supposed to do. Challenge all of these assumptions and suggest new and unusual purposes
– Eliminate –Remove any or all elements of your subject, simplify, reduce to core functionality
-Reverse – Change the direction or orientation. Turn it upside-down, inside-out, or make it go backwards, against the direction it was intended to go or be used.Used to look at your work from different aspects and to question it, creates lots of different ideas from one starting point.
The checklist is used to organise tasks and questions on paper – is a good way to make sure you have worked through a project. Simple questions include who, what, where, when and how. Asking yourself questions about work can help push it forward.
The Six Thinking Hats – Edward de Bono
White hat – information – what do you have and what do you need
Red hat – gut feeling and intuition
Yellow hat – positively thinking – what are the good points, but still be critical whilst doing this.
Black hat – highly critical view on the situation – don’t overuse it
Green hat – colour of growth, generating new ideas
Blue hat – overview, evaluation and moving forward.
Lateral Thinking – Edward de Bono
Viewing problems from different views – other people – unusual view points can highlight issues/things that are working well.
The Reframing Matrix
4 box grid with problem in the middle- surround with people, product, planning and planning OR the professional approach – looking at the situation as a person in a different profession.
An organised version of a mind map – extending ideas and thoughts, creates lots of links.
Listing alternatives to an attribute of a product or project and seeing what happens if you change that thing and input an alternative from the list. Quick way to get different combinations of attributes in one product.
Describing something using a metaphor that is not directly obvious – giving a strong visual image. Example: “over the last few centuries, the mind has been likend to a steam engine or a telephone. The mind is more than a computer”